President José Eduardo dos Santos’ Regime is Afraid of Books

A Maka Angola reader has raised a pertinent question concerning the detention on 21 June of 13 activists who were busy discussing methods of peaceful protest against what they consider to be a dictatorship. Two more activists were detained in the following days, and all fifteen were accused of plotting a coup d’etat.

Most of these activists are known for their ill-fated attempts to organize anti-government demonstrations, which have been brutally suppressed. But how is it possible, the reader asks, that people who cannot manage even the most basic protest without being violently clamped down and detained, could have the means to organize a coup d’etat?

Tired, perhaps, of being the punching bag for the authorities and of being accused by a part of civil society of being disorganized, the young people decided to form a study group. They armed themselves with books on peaceful forms of protest in order better to defend their ideas. This posed an even greater threat to those in power who, according to various analysts, are more afraid of freedom of thought than of guns.

Maka Angola has decided to find out who are these fifteen people jailed as “coup plotters”, and has compiled brief profiles of each one. Before going any further, it is important to point out that most of the detainees have been the targets of brutal repression by the authorities. We are unaware of any measures by the General of the National Police or by the Ministry of the Interior to prevent or to punish the acts of torture meted out by the police against the young activists. We are also unaware of any moves by the Attorney General to investigate these abuses.

On the contrary, it is the victims, beaten and detained while exercising their constitutional rights, who are always treated as the aggressors and law breakers. State institutions, instead of stopping the police from abusing citizens, announced to the public that the victims were plotting a supposed coup. Moreover, the Angolan state has a long history of accusing people of planning or attempting a coup d’etat. The most recent and paradigmatic case is that of the former head of the Foreign Intelligence Service, General Fernando Miala, who was accused in 2006 of attempting a coup. This accusation, which reliable sources say was made by General João Maria de Sousa, resulted in the latter’s promotion to the post of attorney general. In 2009, Miala was eventually sentenced to four years imprisonment for insubordination. Now that his career, power and influence had been destroyed, there was suddenly no more talk of a coup d’etat. It was said at the time that the detention of Miala and his closest associates was because he had been angry at the way in which members of the presidential office were using secret agreements with China for personal enrichment, contrary to the national interest.

There is no consistency in President José Eduardo do Santos’s strategy of portraying himself as the victim of imaginary coups. For example, in an interview with the Portuguese television channel SIC on 6 June 2013, Dos Santos said that the youths demonstrating against him were “frustrated”, uneducated and unemployed. From “frustration” to plotting a coup is a giant step.

In December 2013, the second in command of the National Police, Chief Commissioner Paulo de Almeida, spoke during an interview with the Catholic Rádio Ecclésia of a supposed coup against Dos Santos. He said that the “coup plotters” had tried to organize a demonstration on 23 November 2013 in support of the disappeared activists Cassule and Kamulingue, which would form the pretext for a coup. “We have proof that [the purpose of the demonstration] was to take power. We have proof that it was an attack on power,” De Almeida said.

In fact, it was on that same date of 23 November that a member of the Presidential Security Unit killed the political activist Manuel Hilberto Ganga by shooting him twice in the back, close to the Presidential Palace. Later the same day, police attacked opposition leaders with tear gas while they were trying to join a demonstration in Independence Square in Luanda. The previous day, police had detained more than 200 members of the opposition CASA-CE party, including members of parliament, in various provinces of Angola, for demanding justice in the case of Cassule and Kamulingue. This time around, the invention of a coup d’etat seems designed to draw public attention away from the massacre of more than 1,000 pilgrims of a religious sect carried out in April by police and soldiers at Mount Sumi in Huambo province. The story also helps to cover up the failure of the presidential visit to China at the beginning of the month, which state propaganda proclaimed as a lifeline to the national economy, which is currently in free fall. The president returned from China empty-handed. Secrecy around his discussions in China helped maintain appearances.

Brief Profiles of the 15 detainees

Hitler Jessia Chiconda “Samusuku”
Age: 25 years old
Place of Birth: Moxico
Education:  Undergraduate student,  4th year of Political Science,
Agostinho Neto University
Occupation: Student and hip-hop Artist

According to family members, Samusuku’s father was a joker who chose and registered the names Hitler, the Nazi German leader, for his firstborn son and Mussolini the Italian Fascist leader, for his youngest one.

On the alleged planning of the coup by his nephew, Gideão Cauale he answered Maka Angola with laughter. “One could laugh. I saw the police arriving at my house, with four vehicles, as if they were going into a battle.”

The uncle explained that the police “came to my house when we were preparing for a party for my youngest daughter. The police took combat positions in the street and in the neighborhood”.

“They told me that they were coming to search my house. I asked them to show me the search warrant and they ignored me”, he reported.

Mr Cauale declared that “the police took all of Hitler’s books, including the university books, computer and discs. Even his clothes were taken”.

“I  am a Deacon of the Christian Evangelic Church. The police told me that they came to my house on behalf of César and that he wants what is his. They ransacked the whole house “declared the  religious man”, said Mr Cauale.

Osvaldo Caholo
Age: 26 years old
Place of Birth: Bengo
Education: BA in International Relations, Technical University of Angola (UTANGA)
Occupation: Lieutenant in the National Air Force; lecturer of African History, UTANGA

Of the suspects, he is the only one with military experience. Osvaldo Caholo is an active member of the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA), prominent in the National Air Force since the age of 18. According to his family, the young man had been exempt from his military duties to represent the basketball club of this military branch, in the Military Games.

A group of 15 SIC members and other security bodies set a trap on the 25 June, at around 7h20, to execute his arrest. They phoned his home, in Cacauco, Luanda, to provide information on an alleged act of vandalism to his wife’s vehicle. Osvaldo Caholo exited the building, according to the information provided by his wife, Delma Bumba, and one of the officer’s pointed his pistol at his head, handcuffed him and  took him away in a car with tinted windows.

After half an hour, the captors returned with the detainee to his home to confiscate his electronic equipment, books and telephones, including his wife’s phone, who is a member of the National Police. Seven of the officers searched the house for half an hour, without even showing any search warrant, according to Delma Bumba. “They even searched the bathroom and the kitchen”, she says.

The officers took with them two computers, five mobile phones, including three of them belonging Delma Bumba.

“The officers took all my husband’s personal documentation, including the certificates of his military courses and of the University”, explains Delma Bumba.

Delma Bumba claimed: “the officers had no way to carry all of Osvaldo’s books, which were many, so they chose around 20 of them regarding politics and took them”. She affirmed, that she saw the officers chose the ones they considered to be subversive literature, like Purga em Angola (Purge in Angola), by Dália and Álvaro Meteus, on the 2 May, 1977 massacre, which was used by then President Agostinho Neto and his followers, to eliminate thousands of Angolan citizens for  alleged involvement in a coup attempt that was never proven.  Another book taken, as proof of the dangerous conduct of the Lieutenant Caholo, is the História das Ideias Políticas (History of Political Ideas), on the thoughts of “great philosophers and politicians about politics”. Diamantes de Sangue: Tortura e Corrupção em Angola (Blood Diamonds: Torture and Corruption in Angola), by Rafael Marques, was also in the batch of books seized.

“I don’t know if it is because of the books that my son reads. He spends most of his time at home reading books. He has few friends. He was arrested at home; he was not at such a meeting. I never heard of a coup that is made from books or by 10, 15 or even 20 youngsters” says his  mother, Isabel Correia crying.

Last month, Osvaldo Caholo was distinguished as one of the best students who ever attended UTANGA. “The police also took his diploma of recognition”.

Delma Bumba also stated that the officers “demanded to take the only uniform that my husband had at home, but it was in the wash.. They didn’t find any weapons, because he doesn’t even own or use a pistol”, emphazized  his wife. “I am an officer of the National Police and I also don’t have a gun in the house”, added the traffic officer. The wife’s vehicle was  thoroughly searched for evidence against her husband.

Osvaldo’s military colleagues informed Delma Bumba  that Lieutenant Osvaldo Caholo was moved to the military reserve this previous March. They explained to her that his discharge document from the military was read today (1 July) during the military parade of the unit that her husband was part of up to the present.

The couple have a child of two months.

?Mbanza Hamza

Age: 30

Education: Attending fourth year in Information Technology,  Gregório Semedo University

?Occupation: Primary school teacher

Since 2011, Mbanza Hamza has been one of the main victims of the brutality inflicted by the police and security forces on the youth movement that has protested against the regime of President José Eduardo dos Santos. In 2012, MPLA-controlled militias broke his skull and collar bone during a raid on Carbono Casimiro’s home where youths were meeting to plan a demonstration.

Mbanza lives with his two children in his mother’s house. His mother, Leonor Odete João,  has no fear about expressing her disgust at her son’s detention.

“Doesn’t the president of the republic have a brain? It looks like he wasn’t born of a woman. He, as the elder, should call the boys together as his sons and ask them why they are making a noise in the streets,” she said.

Despite being 50 years old and dealing with a lot of difficulties, Leonor João is in the third year of a Portuguese language degree at Agostinho Neto University. She believes in the power of education in developing critical thinking.

“My son’s strength is his conscience. The books he reads are what’s scaring the president.”

She continues : “The danger here is studying, it’s what my son is learning. He has freedom of conscience and freedom of choice.”

Leonor João speaks of how she is suffering at seeing how her son is suffering for what he believes in: “Since my son was arrested I haven’t been eating, just weeping.”

She condemns the way in which police from the Criminal Investigation Service (SIC) arrived at her house without a warrant for the searches and arrests they carried out.

“They took my computer, they took my phone and my younger son’s. They even took my women’s magazines and newspapers that I have kept. They took all the papers they could find.”

Unafraid, Mbanza Hamza’s mother has some advice for Angola’s leader: “The president of the republic shouldn’t lose his sense with those boys. If even children are rising up against him, think about the older ones,  even those who are on his side. They are the ones he should be worried about.”

I don’t want to bury my son, and then be thrown on the rubbish heap tomorrow. I want my son to bury me. Mr President, children aren’t the ones who carry out coups. I want my son,” she declares.

Nelson Dibango
Age: 32 years old
Place of Birth: Luanda
Education: Undergraduate student, 3rd year of Psychology, University Catholic of Angola
Occupation: Computer Technician, self employed

In his parent’s house, where he lives, the SIC members seized five computers, including the suspect’s father’s. Even the printers were confiscated, to provide evidence in the preparation of the alleged coup attempt. against the State.

Moisés dos Santos Miguel, 56 years of age, father of seven children, including the suspect, spoke openly about the civic activity of his son.

“To be honest, I look forward to speak with my son. His brothers and I, also wanted to attend the meeting on the day they were arrested. We didn’t go because we stayed at home taking care of Nelson’s wife”, he said.

A few weeks ago, doctors at the Lucrécia Paim Maternity, a public hospital,  left some dressings in the womb of Nelson Dibango’s wife, after having performed a caesarean section. The activist even organized a protest in front of the maternity and posted photos on Facebook about the case. His wife had to be operated on at a private clinic for the removal of the surgical material forgotten in her womb.

“Of the few conversations I had with my son, I never noticed anything wrong or special in his ideas. He always told me about civic activism as a way of improving the situation in the country”, said the father.

Albano Evaristo Bingobingo “Albano Liberdade”
Age: 29 years old
Place of Birth: Huambo
Education: Attended the 10th year, High School João Beirão
Occupation: driver

“He joined the revolution after being expelled from the Security House of the President of the Republic in 2011, where he was working as a driver. He is part of a group demanding better pay and working conditions”, said the activist Colonel Fuba, friend and neighbor of Bingobingo.

Interestingly, Albano Bingobingo is part of the same group of “dismissed without compensation” from the  President of the Republic Security House, which already has some of its members enrolled in the annals of activism in Angola: Alves Kamulingue and Isaías Cassule were murdered in 2012 by the National Police and (SINSE) Intelligence Services and State Security.

Raúl Mandela Bingobingo “is one of the frontline brothers, with Arão Kivuvu,  Nito Alves”. The frontline are those who have had more than five arrests and an equal or greater number of beating sessions at the hands of the National Police and the security services.

Albano Bingobingo spoke, of his activism, including seven arrests and subsequent beating sessions by the police force, for participating in protest attempts in 2011, 2013 and two in 2014. In April of last year, he was one of the detainees in an attempt to protest against rising fuel prices, which was followed by a second arrest, when he joined the former combatants seeking to claim their rights through a peaceful demonstration. As a result, he complains about pain in his right leg, in accordance with what was said to his comrade-in-arms, from the torture that he suffered at the hands of the police.

The activist has a six year old daughter, who lives with her grandparents in Huambo. To survive he does seasonal jobs as a driver.

Domingos da Cruz
Age: 31 years old
Education: BA in Philosophy and Pedagogy, Institute Dom Bosco of Superior Studies; MA in Legal Sciences on Human Rights, University Federal of Paraíba, Brazil
Occupation: Lecturer at the Independent University of Angola

Domingos da Cruz has been supervised by the authorities because his writings are considered subversives. He is the author of the book Tools to Destruct the Dictator and Prevent New Dictatorship: Political Philosophy to the Liberation of Angola, (meaning not clear which is found in the press.) The work to which Maka Angola had access in digital format, has been used as a manual in the meetings of the young people  and may be considered an adaptation of the activist model propagated by the academic pacifist and North American Gene Sharp, in his book From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation. This book has been internationally used as an instruction manual for non-violent struggle strategies against dictatorships.

However, the contents of Domingos da Cruz book is not as bombastic as the title suggests. In general, the work of 184 pages,  defends non-violent struggle, including civil disobedience, as the best way for Angolans to achieve their freedom and implement true democracy. The author is against the use of violence and insists on safeguarding human lives. On the possibility of a coup, for example, to overthrow the dictatorship, for example, Domingos da Cruz argues that coups  represent a setback in the process of change and tend to give rise to a new dictatorship. Not even the author promotes the idea of change based on external support. He is against it.

To pursue Domingos da Cruz, the judicial bodies are clinging to the titles of his work.

On September 6, 2013, the Provincial Court of Luanda acquitted Domingos da Cruz of the accusation by the Republic Prosecutor General’s Office that the writer had committed the “crime of incitement of collective disobedience” because of the title of his book: When  War is Urgent and Necessary. He has been acquitted, because the mentioned crime is non-existent in the Angola legislation.

According to his sister, four police agents, last Sunday ransacked Domingos da Cruz’s house, “including the bathroom and water buckets”.  They took everything that was written on paper.

Because of his intellectual role and as the main speaker on the debates of new forms of peaceful activism, the authorities considered  he was one of the “ringleaders” of the alleged coup-plotters.

Sedrick de Carvalho
Age: 25 years old
Place of birth: Luanda
Education: Undergraduate student, 4th year in Law, Jean Piaget University
Occupation: Journalist with Folha 8, O Golo

He began his career in 2011 at the weekly publication Folha 8 as a page layout designer, going on to become a journalist. In 2013 he joined Novo Jornal, where he regularly wrote features on social and economic issues. At the end of his contract last January, he returned to Folha 8, where he still covers social and economic affairs.

Recently, Sedrick was teaching a course in page design at the Evangelical Church of Angola. Having taught the course for the churches paper, on the morning of Saturday, June 20, he joined the study group.

His colleagues state that Sedrick’s laptop was broken and that he had borrowed one from Domingos da Cruz, and that he had done the layout for the textbook used by the study group.
He launched the football information blog O Golo about six weeks ago, and is its main contributor.

“The accusation against my son is slander. My son never had a weapon, nor was he ever involved in party politics, to be accused of preparing a coup d’état”, denounces João Rodrigues de Carvalho.

Inocêncio António de Brito “Drux”
Age: 28 years old
Place of Birth: Malanje
Education: Undergraduate student, 4th year in Economics, Catholic University of Angola
Occupation: Student and head of the  Boy Scouts  São Francisco de Assis’ Parish, Catholic Church, in the municipality of Viana

“My son only knows how to manipulate a pen, he does not know how to handle a gun. Will he be able to make a coup with a pen?” wonders Marta Mulay, the mother of Inocêncio de Brito.

For a mother, the arrest of her son, “is an injustice. He is innocent of everything that he is accused of. Inocêncio disagrees with the President’s governance. He just simply wants to help to open the minds of the people because the country is in bad shape. As a family, we demand his immediate release”.

In turn, Marcelina de Brito told us how her brother was taken to his home, after the arrest. The police shoved a black bag over his head so that he could not see where he was being taken. He was disorientated”. The Scout’s sister confirmed that the police seized his computer, telephone and all his books and university notebooks.

Arante Kivuvu
Age: 20 years old
Education: Undergraduate student, 1st year in Philosophy, University Agostinho Neto
Occupation: Student

One of the activist of the so- called “front line”, with more than five arrests to his name, Arante Kivuvu was detained and beaten three times on the same day, in three different years, on the 27 May 2012, 2013 and 2014. He forms part of the {stubborn?}, always trying to remember, with a demonstration, the May 27, 1977 massacres. “Arante was held by the police, for the first time in May 27, 2012, when we took a hell of a beating  by the ninjas (Rapid Intervention Police), that trampled on our heads with their military boots”, recalls Raúl Mandela.

José Gomes Hata “Cheik Hata”
Age: 29 years old
Education: BA in International Relations, Institute Superior Polytechnic of Cazenga (ISPOCA)
Occupation: hip-hop Artist

Cheik Hata is one of the promoters, with Hitler Samusuku, of the hip-hop Group Third Division. His lyrics are considered to be revolutionary. The verses are of rebellion – rebellion of the youngsters who feel robbed, oppressed and betrayed – and they speak about the reality bluntly and without any fear.

“Wake up, let’s do it/Negative thoughts, devilish acts/results in violations, corruption and murder/in general, men possessed without mercy/More percentage to Zé (…)/”, sings the rapper in the music track “Half man, half animal”, from the record Project does Not Vote.

In this same music track, the rapper takes a swipe at the legislators: “(…) sitting at the same table/approving the Law/vultures agree as king of the camels/yes, yes, yes/never say no/the political spectrum is made based on corruption/speeches limited on past events/poor and cheap/ the professor’s dog also thinks he is already a professor (…)”.

“(…) the people in despair/how to justify someone’s death/that he died because he was being honest?/the creation of one more mystery to steal some money?/the drunkenness of the people to forget the suffering/ Speak on the equality of rights/if the people have no roof ?/we are the indescribable/(…) it is no use talking about laws/here is an inconvenient case/we live in disarray/under the dictatorship of a president (…)” accuses Cheik Hata.

Luaty Beirão “Brigadeiro Mata-Frakuxz”
Age: 33 years old
Education: BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Plymouth, England; BA in Economics and Management from the University of Montpellier, France
Occupation: Hip-hop Artist

Luaty Beirão has been on hunger strike since the 30th of June, in the Calomboloca Penitentiary, where he is being held.

The rapper was one of the first seven to be detained on March 7, 2011, for attempting to hold a demonstration, inspired by the Arab Spring. This type of youth-led street protest movement began in Tunisia, and caused the dictator Ben Ali to be ousted in January of the same year, and galvanised millions of Egyptians to take to the streets and bring about the end of the dictatorial regime of Hosni Mubarak. Since then, according to various analysts, Angolan authorities have reinforced their methods of repression against anybody daring to use their constitutional right to demonstrate and protest against president José Eduardo dos Santos.
In a hip-hop show produced by MCK, which took place in the Atlantic Cinema on February 27, 2011, Luaty publicly announced that the first anonymously arranged demonstration would begin at midnight and that he planned to attend. Right there on the stage he cheekily sent a message to the president of the Republic, mentioning that his son Danilo was present in the audience.

As a consequence, Dos Santos issued Presidential Decree 111/11, regulating shows and public entertainment. This decree obliges concert promoters to submit a named list of artists for approval by the Ministry of Culture. Since then, concerts given by hip-hop artists critical of the government have not been given authorisation.

The hip-hop artist has been arrested five times for his activism, in addition to being beaten by members of the National Police and militia working directly for the MPLA. On March 12, 2012, he was badly injured by government agents, who justified attacking him on Angolan Public Television (TPA), claiming they were members of the so-called “Angolan Citizens Group for Peace, Security and Democracy in the Republic of Angola”.

Luaty Beirão is part of the first generation of anti-establishment rappers that emerged at the end of the nineties. He also created the first critical hip-hop program on Radio LAC, which ran for three years.

He has also been targeted with dirty tricks for his activism. On June 11, 2012, a package of cocaine was planted in his luggage in Luanda airport. Angolan authorities naively telephoned the Portuguese Police to denounce the rapper as a drugs trafficker. After a day in jail and due diligence, he was freed by the Portuguese

Manuel Baptista Chivonde Nito Alves
Age: 18 Years old
Place of Birth: Huambo
Education: Undergraduate student, 1st year of Law, Institute São Francisco de Assis
Occupation: Student

Among the activists who dare to organize or participate in protests against policies and executive acts, as well as to demand the resignation of the president, Nito Alves is the preferred target by the authorities. For three days he is on a hunger strike to protest against his detention.

For his political activism, he was detained and for the first time beaten in 2012 at the age of 15 years.  This is his tenth detention.

In November 8, 2013, when he was 17 years old, Nito Alves became famous by being formally accused by the Prosecutor General’s Office of attempt to assassinate the President of the Republic. Firstly, on the 12 September of the same year, 15 armed and unidentified agents in plain clothes, kidnapped the then- underage minor and kept him captive in the premises of a closed police unit, where they took turns threatening him with  death. The crime committed by Nito Alves, in accordance with the institution lead by General João Maria de Sousa, was to have printed 20 sweaters with the slogan “Zé-Dú/Out/Disgusting Dictator”. At the time, the PGR (Prosecutor General’s Office) formulated his accusation based on a revoked Law, of Crimes against the Security of the State (Law n° 7/78).

Finally, and because of the sweaters, the PGR (Prosecutor General’s Office) accused Nito Alves of the “outrage crime against the holders of the sovereignty bodies” and kept him in detention for two months.

On the 23 July 2014, the PGR (Prosecutor General’s Office) requested in court the acquittal of Nito Alves, because of “lack of evidence to sustain the initial indictment”.
The court ordered him to be released.

Two months earlier, on the 27 May, members from the (PIR) Police of Rapid Intervention gave a “lesson” to Nito Alves about what  justice in Angola is. “That was the biggest beating that I had. I would rather have been in jail than be tortured in that way by the police”, declared  Nito Alves to Maka Angola at the time. He was one of more than 30  protesters arrested in  Independence Square, in Luanda, when they were trying to hold a protest in memory of the 27 May 1977 massacres, as a consequence of an internal purge within the MPLA.

Fernando Baptista, a former National Police agent, is unequivocal when defending the protest of his son and his comrades. “When the youngsters discuss poor governance performance and they propose changes, they are within their rights.  They are entitled to these rights”.
Fernando Tomás “Nicola Radical”
Age: 37 years old
Place of birth: Lunda-Norte
Occupation: Generator technician, self-employed

Nicola Radical, as he is better known, is the oldest of the group and another member of the so-called “front line” demonstrators. He has already been detained five times for his peaceful activism, and has been subjected to beatings and torture by police officers.

Sara João Manuel, Nicola’s wife, tells how National Police officers surrounded the area around their house in Kantinton, at around 5pm on the afternoon of June 20, and made the neighbours lock their doors while they searched his house for “subversive material”.

As proof, the officers confiscated the suspect’s collection of local newspapers. “He [Nicola] doesn’t have a computer and was never in the military”, states his wife, astounded by the implication that her husband had the power to destroy the president.

The couple have two children, aged 7 and 3.

Nuno Álvaro Dala
Age: 31 years old
Place of birth: Luanda
Education: BA in Portuguese Language from the Agostinho Neto University
Occupation: University lecturer at the Technical University of Angola (UTANGA); Teacher at the Centre for Services and Integration of Children with Special Needs.

After the death of his parents many years ago, he became the carer for his two younger siblings, who live with him and his wife, who gave birth to their baby daughter, Joaquina, one month ago.

On June 20, two vehicles with several heavily armed National Police officers escorted Nuno Álvaro Dala in handcuffs, to his house in the municipality of Viana. “The police took all my brother’s books, notebooks, papers, computer, the lot”, explains his sister Gertrudes Dala.

On his Facebook page, in place of the profile picture, Nuno Álvaro Dala has a picture of a closed fist with the inscription, “The Political Thinking of Revolutionary Youth: Discussion and Action”, underneath it. As his wall photo, there is another inscription – “Destruction of the Dictatorship: Journey”. On April 22, his attitude on this social media network earned Dala a comment on his wall by the deputy chief whip of the ruling MPLA’s parliamentary bench, João Pinto, who wrote: “you have already written such contradictory and incendiary texts, forgetting that the all-in game is for idiots and irrational people, and almost always short-lived?…Defend your ideals through democratic alternation and not through spreading sensational, blustering ignorance…”

Member of Parliament João Pinto wrote another interesting message on Álvaro Dala’s wall: “an intellectual who wants to bring about change does not withdraw, does not sow hatred, rather defends his numbers through party political means like politicians do!”

Benedito Jeremias “Dito Dali”
Age: 26 years old
Education: Undergraduate student, 2nd Year in International Relations, , Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Relações Internacionais (CIS)
Ocupação: Student

Information to be updated soon.